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Aim: Boron shows antioxidant properties with an unknown mechanism. It was aimed to evaluate the antioxidant potentials and genotoxic risk of ammonium tetraborate on human whole blood cultures for the first time in the extent of this study.
Material and Methods: Ammonium tetraborate was administrated at concentrations between 1,25- 1280 µg/ml to cultured blood samples. The micronuclei and chromosomal aberration tests were performed to determine the genotoxic effect. In addition, total antioxidant capacity and total oxidative stress levels were measured as biochemical parameters.
Results: Our results clearly provided that all tested concentrations of ammonium tetraborate were not-mutagenic. Moreover, ammonium tetraborate showed antioxidant activities at low concentrations and the total oxidative stress levels were not changed at all the concentrations of ammonium tetraborate.
Conclusion: our data clearly indicated that ammonium tetraborate is not mutagenic and it has remarkable antioxidant potential in vitro.