Composition of the essential oil of two Salvia taxa (Salvia sclarea and Salvia verticillata subsp. verticillata) from Turkey

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Sukru Hayta
Gulden Dogan
Ebru Yuce
Eyup Bagci


Objective: The essential oil composition of two Salvia taxa (Salvia sclarea and Salvia verticillata subsp. verticillata) analyzed and yield of compositions were analyzed

Material and Methods: The essential oil was extracted by hydro distillation using a modified Clevenger apparatus coupled to a 2 L round-bottom flask. A total of 100 g of fresh plant material (aerial parts) and 1 L of water was used for the extraction. Gas chromatography / Mass spectrometry (GC-MS) analysis was applied to extracts.

Results: The essential oil yields of Salvia sclarea and Salvia verticillata L. subsp. verticillata were found as 0.4 and 0.3 %v/w, respectively. Overall, thirty-seven compounds which accounted for 97.9% in Salvia sclarea and seventy-four constituents, which accounted for 98.6% of the total compositions of each oil are determined in Salvia verticillata L. subsp. verticillata. The spathulenol (19%), caryophyllene oxide (15.5%), linolyl acetate (11.3%) and linalool L (8.5%) were the major compounds of Salvia sclarea and the germacrene D (13.8%), spathulenol (10%) and limonene (4.5%), 1.8- cineole (4.5%) were the main compounds of the Salvia verticillata L. subsp. Verticillata

Conclusion: spathulenol was found as major compound for both Salvia sclarea and Salvia verticillata subsp. verticillata while,  the other main components were not showed similarity

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Hayta, S. ., Dogan, G. ., Yuce, E. ., & Bagci, E. . (2015). Composition of the essential oil of two Salvia taxa (Salvia sclarea and Salvia verticillata subsp. verticillata) from Turkey. Natural Science and Discovery, 1(3), 62–67. Retrieved from
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